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Hotel Pacha Mama


Herculaneum Ruins

Another interesting excursion into the ancient history is the tour to the archaeological excavations of Herculaneum which are just 15 km from Pacha Mama, you can reach them by car in only 20 minutes. 

Herculaneum was also buried by the eruption of Vesuvius in 79 AD, but unlike Pompeii it was not hit by ash and lapilli, but by a river of mud, which devastated the streets and buildings of the city. The mud debris caused extensive damage to the walls of the houses, saving other materials such as wood, and even improving their preservation over the centuries. 

Excavation work began in 1738, commissioned by King Charles of Bourbon. The urban layout of the town included a series of streets intersecting at right angles and adjacent to mostly rectangular buildings, sometimes grouped together in building complexes.

The Herculaneum excavations cover an area of about 5 hectares, along the roads stood the various public buildings (the monumental theatre, the imposing Basilica, the Mater Deum temple and the thermal complex) and private buildings, very different from each other and often different in layout and architecture from those excavated in Pompeii. There are some buildings which once was shops and little businesses. One of the most beautiful buildings found at Herculaneum is the House of Neptune and Amphitrite, with splendid mosaic decorations; there are also the House of the Mosaic Atrium, the House of Argus, the House of the Fine Courtyard, the House of Burnt Furniture, the House of the Stag and many others.